Every year, it seems, Christmas becomes more commercialized. In NYC this year, we started seeing Christmas decorations in stores in October. In October . Christmas is starting to lap Halloween.
I was thinking about this when I read that the Catholic Church in Italy is working to repeal that countrys new Sunday shopping law . Earlier this year, in an effort to stimulate the Italian economy, the Monti government enacted a law allowing shops across the country to open on Sundays. The new law is opposed by a coalition including the Vatican, small shop owners, and some secularists who argue that a nationwide day of rest is in everyones interest. The Italian campaign is part of a larger movement called the European Sunday Alliance , a network of trade unions, civil society organizations and religious communities committed to raise awareness of the unique value of synchronized free time for our European societies.
The Sunday Alliance is not at heart religious. Sure, some Christians argue that Sunday shopping violates the Sabbath, but mostly the movement has secular goals, such as working less, putting a brake on commercialism, and spending time with family and friends. To be sure, small shop owners have an economic interest in ending Sunday shopping, since the practice disproportionately favors big-box retailers. But its not like the big-box retailers who favor Sunday shopping are being altruistic. Theyre only advancing their economic interests.
The arguments for allowing Sunday shopping are pretty straightforward. Increased commercial activity means more wealth and greater tax revenues. More people will be able to find employment. And there is the matter of consumer choice. If people want to buy TVs on Sundays, why should the state stop them? Whos harmed? Finally, allowing shopping on Sundays could be seen as a gesture toward religious pluralism. Not everyone observes the Christian Sabbath, and Sunday closing laws may create burdens for non-Christian businesses and consumers.
These arguments have carried the day in America. Notwithstanding the fact that the Supreme Court has declared Sunday closing laws constitutional, most places allow Sunday shopping nowadays. Americans have become accustomed to the convenience and see nothing wrong with it. A movement to ban shopping on Sundays in America would go nowhere.
To my mind, though, opponents of the new Italian law have a point. Economics isnt everything. Its not unreasonable to think that, one day a week, society should forgo buying and selling, even if that means a reduction in wealth and tax revenues. (Tax revenues? In Italy? Who are we kidding?) In a culture as homogeneously Catholic as Italys, Sunday is the only realistic option. Moreover, its not unreasonable to think that Sunday store openings will create a situation in which observant Christian employees feel pressured to work, or that Sunday shopping will threaten traditions Italians enjoy. Perhaps Italians dont want a society in which Christmas becomes, inevitably, the Biggest Shopping Season of the Year.
So, to the opponents of the Italian law, I say, Good Luck. And Buon Natale .
Mark Movsesian is Director of the Center for Law and Religion at St. John’s University.