Following the lead of John Owen, Edwards highlights the pneumatological dimension of the incarnation and work of Christ ( Notes on Scripture , 575):

“It was by the eternal Spirit that Christ offered up himself without spot to God. It was by the Holy Spirit many ways. It was by the Holy Spirit that the human nature of Christ was united to the divine Logos, from which union arises the infinite value of his blood and righteousness. It was by the eternal Spirit that Christ performed righteousness. It was by the Spirit of God that Christ was perfectly holy and performed perfect righteousness. It was by the Holy Spirit not only that his obedience was perfect, but performed with such transcendent love. It was by this Spirit that his sacrifice of himself was sanctified, being an offering to God in the pure and fervent flame of divine love, which burnt in his heart as well as in the flame of God’s vindictive justice and wrath into which he was cast. And it was this that his obedience and sacrifice were offered with such a love to his people that he died for, as implied a perfect union with them, whereby it was accepted for them.”

And all this, he said, was foreshadowed by the work of the high priest: “When the high priest lighted and dressed the lamps, then was he to burn incense on the golden altar of incense, signifying that the sweet and infinitely acceptable incense of Christ’s merits was by the Holy Spirit signified by the lamps.”

Articles by Peter J. Leithart

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