Divine Warrior

Timothy Gombis argues ( The Drama of Ephesians: Participating in the Triumph of God , 28-31; ch. 4) that Paul follows a “divine warrior” story-line in Ephesians 1-2. Drawing on Longman and Reid’s God Is a Warrior , Gombis says that the divine warrior story moves through these . . . . Continue Reading »

Baptismal meditation

A mediation for the baptism of my third granddaughter, June Annwyn Marie Tollefson. Ephesians 5:8: You were formerly darkness, but now you are Light in the world; walk as children of Light. It’s a good Sunday for a baptism. In many churches, today, the third Sunday of Advent, is Gaudete . . . . Continue Reading »

Grace for Grace?

In a 2003 article in Perspectives in Religious Studies , Jason Whitlark gives this sharp summary of the classical Greek linkage between charis (grace) and reciprocity: “(1) Charis’s contextual environment was one of reciprocity, not only among humans but also with the gods. (2) Charis . . . . Continue Reading »

Marriage in Christ

Reflecting on the Haustafeln in Ephesians 4-5, John Paul observes ( Man and Woman He Created Them: A Theology Of The Body , 474-5) that Paul’s instructions overlap with customary family advice in the Greco-Roman world. More important than detailed differences is the fact that Paul places . . . . Continue Reading »

Wedding homily

Ephesians 5:18-21: Do not get drunk with wine, for that is dissipation, but be filled with the Spirit, speaking to one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody with your heart to the Lord; always giving thanks for all things in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ to . . . . Continue Reading »

Eucharistic meditation

Ephesians 4:8: When He ascended on high, He led captive a host of captives, and he gave gifts to men. How do we reach maturity in Christ?  Paul gives us a clue when he quotes from Psalm 68, a Psalm of ascension.  The Psalm begins as a plea for the Lord fight for David.  He calls on . . . . Continue Reading »