Inverted Blason

Borrowing from the Song of Songs, Isaiah describes Judah the Bride from head to foot.  He moves from head to heart to foot and back to head (1:5-6).  Four body parts are mentioned (3 different, with “head” used twice).  He is inspecting Judah to the four corners. Instead . . . . Continue Reading »


Isaiah begins with the charge that Yahweh’s “sons,” the people of Judah, have “rebelled” against Him.  The word is frequently used of political insurrection (1 Kings 12:19; 2 Kings 1:1; 3:5, 7; 8:20).  Judah has become a nation of insurrectionists against her . . . . Continue Reading »

Hear, give ear

Isaiah opens his prophecy with a call to heaven and earth to bear witness as Yahweh presents His case against Israel (1:2).  Heaven is called to “hear” and earth to “give ear,” a testimony of two witnesses. The same words in different combinations are found at the . . . . Continue Reading »

Sermon notes

INTRODUCTION Isaiah prophesied in Judah during the reigns of several different kings (1:1).  To understand his prophecies, we need to know something about the times in which he was preaching. THE TEXT “The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in . . . . Continue Reading »


“I hate your new moon festivals,” the Lord says at the beginning of Isaiah, “Bring your worthless offerings no longer; Incense is an abomination to me.” He rejects Israel’s offerings and festivals because their hands are filled with blood and because they oppress the . . . . Continue Reading »

Paul and New Exodus

Paul quotes, alludes to, or echoes Isaiah 40-66 over twenty times in the letter to the Romans.  Many of the major moves of the letter are linked with references to Isaiah, argues J. Edward Walters. The thesis that God reveals His righteousness to the Jew first and also to the Greek is similar . . . . Continue Reading »

Heir of the World

Where does Paul get the notion that Abraham is “heir of the world”?   Mark Forman argues in a 2009 JSNT article that it arises from Paul’s seeing the story of Abraham through the lends of Isaiah 54.  Applying Richard Hays’s criteria for identifying echoes, Forman . . . . Continue Reading »

Adam the Servant

In a 1962 article, one Leslie Allen connections Paul’s discussion of the work of the Last Adam in Romans 5 with the work of the Servant of Isaiah: ”In Paul’s great formulation of the origin and effect of sin and its redemptive counteraction in Christ (Romans v. 12 ff.) it . . . . Continue Reading »

Holy One of Israel

The title “Holy One of Israel” is used a handful of times outside Isaiah, but regularly in that prophetic book.  What does it mean? Isaiah 8:9-15 helps.  While the phrase is not used in the passage, verse 13 exhorts Judah that “it is Yahweh of armies whom you should . . . . Continue Reading »

3 + 12

Joseph Blenkinsopp ( Isaiah 1-39 (The Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries) ) suggests that the Hebrew canon arranges the prophetic books to correspond to the patriarchal history.  After the four former prophets (Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings) come four later prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, The . . . . Continue Reading »