Israel Served Yahweh

Joshua 24:31 seems like a straightforward theme verse for the book of Joshua: “Israel served Yahweh all the days of Joshua.” Many contemporary scholars don’t think so. They point to various incidents in the book as examples of unfaithfulness - the spies’ decision to spare . . . . Continue Reading »

House of Prayer for Nations

Fearing Israel, the Gibeonites put on disguises, pretend to be strangers from a distant land, and deceive Joshua into making a covenant with them (Joshua 9). Old wineskins and dry bread prove they came from a far country. Without consulting Yahweh, Joshua swears to protect them and they become . . . . Continue Reading »

Thief and Liar

Zechariah 5:3-4 threatens a curse to those who steal and those who swear falsely. It’s a somewhat unusual combination. Perhaps the implied scenario is this: A thief steals, he is questioned about his theft, and he swears falsely that he did not steal. His theft is compounded by an oath . . . . Continue Reading »

Book in the mouth

Yahweh exhorts Joshua to keep the law and meditate ( hagah ) on it day and night (Joshua 1:7-8). The book is to be in his mouth constantly; like the prophets Ezekiel and John, he is to chew the book of the law for breakfast and dinner. Making the Word of Yahweh his food will lead to prosperity, . . . . Continue Reading »

Joshua and Carthage

According to Edwards ( Notes on Scripture , 170-1), the conquest of Canaan sent shocks throughout the Eastern Mediterranean. Joshua 11:8 states that Joshua chased Canaanites to Zidon, and they didn’t stop there: “Bedford . . . supposes that great numbers of them made their escape from . . . . Continue Reading »

Jesus at Jericho

Augustine ( Answer to Faustus, a Manichean: (Works of Saint Augustine) , 12.31) observes that Joshua’s name was not “thoughtlessly” given to him at birth. Rather, he was first called “Hoshea,” and his name was changed to Joshua/Jesus to make it clear that he was a . . . . Continue Reading »


Cyril of Jerusalem gets the typology of Joshua just right: “Jesus, the son of Nave, in many ways offers us a figure of Christ. It was from the time of the crossing of the Jordan that he began to exercise his command of the people: this is why Christ also, having first been baptized, began His . . . . Continue Reading »

God’s Spies

The spies at Jericho are released through Rahab’s window. Then David escapes through a window from his wife’s rooms.  Saul is the King of Jericho; David will return later to take the city. Then Paul too escapes through a window in a basket.  He too is God’s spy, checking . . . . Continue Reading »