Thief and Liar

Zechariah 5:3-4 threatens a curse to those who steal and those who swear falsely. It’s a somewhat unusual combination. Perhaps the implied scenario is this: A thief steals, he is questioned about his theft, and he swears falsely that he did not steal. His theft is compounded by an oath . . . . Continue Reading »

Burning Myrtle

In his first vision, Zechariah sees the Angel of Yahweh among the myrtles. James Jordan suggests that the small but beautiful and aromatic myrtle is the new tree for the returned exiles. As the terebinth was the tree of the Abrahamic period, and the cedar the tree of monarchy, so the hadas is the . . . . Continue Reading »

Open fountain

Zechariah 12 begins with a siege of Jerusalem (12:3), but the Lord promises that He will intervene to save Judah and Jerusalem (vv. 6-9). In Zechariah 12:10-13:1: the siege has been lifted, and during this respite, the Lord promises to pour out His Spirit upon the house of David and inhabitants of . . . . Continue Reading »


“I will return and dwell ( shakan ) in the midst of Jerusalem,” Yahweh promises (Zechariah 8:3). Then: “I will being them back, and they will dwell ( shakan ) in the midst of Jerusalem” (Zechariah 8:8). Israel, renewed in covenant with Yahweh, is His glory, as a bride is the . . . . Continue Reading »

True fast, true feast

Zechariah 8:19 answers the initial question about fasting posed in 7:3.  Zechariah says: Thus says Yahweh of hosts The fast of the fourth, And the fast of the fifth, And the fast of the seventh, And the fast of the ninth, Will be to the house of Judah Festivities Gladness Good assemblies Truth . . . . Continue Reading »

Not the former days

Zechariah 8:9-13 forms a single unit within the chapter, and is organized chiastically: A. strong hands, v 9a B. house of Yahweh, v 9b C. no wages, v 10a D. no peace, v 10b E. Not according to former days, v 11 D’. peace for seed, v 12a C’. produce of the land: inherit, v 12b B’. . . . . Continue Reading »

Ten Words

Zechariah 7-8 form a unit, enclosed by references to fasting (7:4-7; 8:18-23) , within which Zechariah reviews the warnings of the early prophets about Israel’s social injustices (7:9-14; 8:14-17). Chapter 8 includes two major speeches, marked by the phrase “the word of Yahweh of . . . . Continue Reading »

Chariots and house

Some observations on Zechariah 6 that are dependent on the helpful insights of several grad students: If we connect the chariots emerging from between the bronze mountains with the horses and chariots of fire mentioned in 2 Kings 2 and 6, and if the bronze mountains are the pillars of the temple, . . . . Continue Reading »

Nation of Kings

Psalm 72:4 describes a king who does justice, delivers the poor, crushes the oppressor. The imperatives of Zechariah 7:9-10 echo the Psalm, but in Zechariah the imperatives are plural. Israel has become a nation of kings. . . . . Continue Reading »

Build and sit

Moses built a tent, and then Yahweh sat on His throne, the glory above the cherubim. Solomon built a house, and then the glory of Yahweh settled on His throne in the debir . Zechariah predicts something novel: A man named “Branch” will build the house of Yahweh, and then the Branch will . . . . Continue Reading »