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Pour la canaille, il faut la mitraille: For the rabble use the grapeshot, the Duke reportedly said of an Irish mob. No, not John Wayne (“The Duke”), but the Duke of Wellington. In America today, we often hear of two mobs, antifa and the deplorables. One mob is praised and encouraged by America’s power-elite; the other, America’s true canaille, is given the rhetorical grapeshot. Academia, the institution that forms and enforces upper-class opinion, supplies the ammunition.

Kristin Kobes Du Mez, a historian at Calvin University in Grand Rapids, Michigan, argues that far from betraying their principles, the 80 percent of evangelicals who voted for Donald Trump were acting in accord with a “militant masculinity” that has always been central to the movement. She blames James ­Dobson, John Piper, Wayne Grudem, and Billy Graham for promoting a form of family values that links the gospel to forms of “patriarchal authority, gender difference, and Christian nationalism,” which in turn are “intertwined with white racial identity.”

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