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Are We Spiritual Machines?

From the October 1999 Print Edition

Copyright (c) 1999 First Things 96 (October 1999): 25-31. For two hundred years materialist philosophers have argued that man is some sort of machine. The claim began with French materialists of the Enlightenment such as Pierre Cabanis, Julien La Mettrie, and Baron d’Holbach (La Mettrie even wrote . . . . Continue Reading »

Science and Design

From the October 1998 Print Edition

When the physics of Galileo and Newton displaced the physics of Aristotle, scientists tried to explain the world by discovering its deterministic natural laws. When the quantum physics of Bohr and Heisenberg in turn displaced the physics of Galileo and Newton, scientists realized they needed to . . . . Continue Reading »