Sorry chimps, you’ve been bumped down the list of smartest animals:
Dolphins have been declared the worlds second most intelligent creatures after humans, with scientists suggesting they are so bright that they should be treated as non-human persons.
Studies into dolphin behaviour have highlighted how similar their communications are to those of humans and that they are brighter than chimpanzees. These have been backed up by anatomical research showing that dolphin brains have many key features associated with high intelligence.
The researchers argue that their work shows it is morally unacceptable to keep such intelligent animals in amusement parks or to kill them for food or by accident when fishing. Some 300,000 whales, dolphins and porpoises die in this way each year.
Many dolphin brains are larger than our own and second in mass only to the human brain when corrected for body size, said Lori Marino, a zoologist at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, who has used magnetic resonance imaging scans to map the brains of dolphin species and compare them with those of primates.
The neuroanatomy suggests psychological continuity between humans and dolphins and has profound implications for the ethics of human-dolphin interactions, she added.
Dolphins have long been recognised as among the most intelligent of animals but many researchers had placed them below chimps, which some studies have found can reach the intelligence levels of three-year-old children. Recently, however, a series of behavioural studies has suggested that dolphins, especially species such as the bottlenose, could be the brighter of the two. The studies show how dolphins have distinct personalities, a strong sense of self and can think about the future.
[ . . . ]
Thomas White, professor of ethics at Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, who has written a series of academic studies suggesting dolphins should have rights, will speak at the same conference.
The scientific research . . . suggests that dolphins are non-human persons who qualify for moral standing as individuals, he said.
So a child in the womb is a “non-person human” and has less moral standing than an animal, yet a dolphin in captivity is a “non-human person” and should have the moral standing of an adult human? If that reasoning makes sense to you, congratulations: Your inability to think morally qualifies you to be a professional ethicist.
(Via: The American Spectator )