Everybody knows how important it is to read to toddlers. Apart from the emotional element, reading out loud every day during the pre-K years sends a child to kindergarten with a significantly larger vocabulary than a child without that experience possesses. And what happens in kindergarten and after is that the gap grows (because of what is called the “Matthew Effect”).
But many parents make the mistake of discontinuing reading when their children learn to read on their own, around ages 68. This is a mistake, for two reasons.
One, the emotional reason. As the latest reading poll from Scholastic points out, reported last week, kids want their parents to extend the practice. Fully 83 percent of 611-year-olds say they “loved” or “liked a lot” those reading sessions, but only 24 percent of 68-year-olds and 17 percent of 911-year-olds stated that their parents still conduct them.
And two, the intellectual reason. A child can understand words read aloud more easily than words in a book. A parent’s voice adds tone, cadence, volume, and other non-verbal markers of meaning, elements a child has to create on his own when he reads. This means that a child can understand a more advanced book with more sophisticated words and ideas if he hears it. Reading it by himself would be too stiff a challenge.
So, a child should read on his own, of course, but the read-aloud habit should continue, too.
Mark Bauerlein is senior editor of First Things.