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The Spirit of Vatican I

Vatican I:  The Council and the Making of the Ultramontane Church by john w. o’malley belknap, 320 pages, $24.95 In 1860 Pope Pius IX lost the papal states, which had been held by his predecessors for a thousand years. Four years later he issued the Syllabus of Errors. The eightieth and . . . . Continue Reading »

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