François Noël Babeuf (1760–1797), known as “Gracchus,” was a French revolutionary and social incendiary. He was the instigator of Babouvism, an ideology of ferocious, leveling terrorism to bring about radical equality. He was guillotined by the French Directorate. Babeuf is honored as a hero by Communists of all stripes.

Take this head from off my shoulders—
Let my blood make red the blade!
A landslide of resistless boulders
Rolls down towards you. And my shade

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