America’s Two Foundings

Contrasting judgments often arise from studying the Niagara of words that justified the American War for Independence—together with all the words that circulated anxiously during the parlous years under the Confederation Congress—which rose to a great flood in the period 1787 to 1790 in . . . . Continue Reading »

Columbus and the Beginning of the World

As Orson Welles famously remarked, playing the unscrupulous Harry Lime in the film The Third Man: “In Italy for thirty years, under the Borgias, they had warfare, terror, murder, and bloodshed, but they produced Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, and the Renaissance. In Switzerland they had . . . . Continue Reading »